Incoterms

The Incoterms rules or International Commercial terms.

Origin Country
Destination Country
Exports Border Imports
Seller Local Transport Freight Forwarder Customs Cargo Terminal Main Transportation Air

Main Transportation Sea
Main Transportation Road

Main Transportation Train
Cargo Terminal Customs Freight Forwarder Local Transport Buyer
Logistics Operators
Seller (Shipper) Local Transport Freight Forwarder Customs Cargo Terminal Main Transportation Cargo Terminal Customs Agent Local Transport Buyers (Cosignee)
Incoterms
EXW FCA FAS FOB
CFR
CIF
DES* DAT
DEQ*
CPT
CIP
DDP
DAP
DAF*
DDU*
Agreed upon
origin place
Agreed upon
origin port
Agreed upon
destination place
Agreed upon
destination place

EXW – EX WORKS (… named place of delivery)
The Seller’s only responsibility is to make the goods available at the Seller’s premises. The Buyer bears full costs and risks of moving the goods from there to destination.

FCA – FREE CARRIER (… named place of delivery)
The Seller delivers the goods, cleared for export, to the carrier selected by the Buyer. The Seller loads the goods if the carrier pickup is at the Seller’s premises. From that point, the Buyer bears the costs and risks of moving the goods to destination.

FAS – FREE ALONGSIDE SHIP (... named port of shipment)
The Seller delivers the goods to the origin port. From that point, the Buyer bears all costs and risks of loss or damage.

FOB – FREE ON BOARD (... named port of shipment)
The Seller delivers the goods on board the ship and clears the goods for export. From that point, the Buyer bears all costs and risks of loss or damage.

CFR – COST AND FREIGHT (... named port of destination)
The Seller clears the goods for export and pays the costs of moving the goods to destination. The Buyer bears all risks of loss or damage.

CIF – COST INSURANCE AND FREIGHT (... named port of destination)
The Seller clears the goods for export and pays the costs of moving the goods to the port of destination. The Buyer bears all risks of loss or damage. The Seller, however, purchases the cargo insurance.

CPT – CARRIAGE PAID TO (… named place of destination)
The Seller pays for moving the goods to destination. From the time the goods are transferred to the first carrier, the Buyer bears the risks of loss or damage.

CIP – CARRIAGE AND INSURANCE PAID TO (... named place of destination)
The Seller pays for moving the goods to destination. From the time the goods are transferred to the first carrier, the Buyer bears the risks of loss or damage. The Seller, however, purchases the cargo insurance.

DDP – DELIVERED DUTY PAID (... named place)
The Seller delivers the goods -cleared for import – to the Buyer at destination. The Seller bears all costs and risks of moving the goods to destination, including the payment of Customs duties and taxes.

DAT – DELIVERED AT TERMINAL (... named terminal at port or place of destination)
The Seller delivers when the goods, once unloaded from the arriving means of transport, are placed at the Buyer’s disposal at a named terminal at the named port or place of destination. “Terminal” includes any place, whether covered or not, such as a quay, warehouse, container yard or road, rail or air cargo terminal.

The Seller bears all risks involved in bringing the goods to and unloading them at the terminal at the named port or place of destination.

DAP – DELIVERED AT PLACE (... named place of destination)
The Seller delivers when the goods are placed at the Buyer’s disposal on the arriving means of transport ready for unloading at the names place of destination. The Seller bears all risks involved in bringing the goods to the named place.

* terms from Incoterms 2000 eliminated in Incoterms 2010